The largest country in the world, Russia is about 5,600 miles from west to east (at the two most widely separated points) and encompasses no fewer than 11 time zones. Its landscape comprises expanses of tundra, taiga (coniferous forest), deserts and steppes. Over the past decade, Siberia and the Arctic Circle have opened up to ecotourism and hunting expeditions, while the dramatic Kamchatka Peninsula offers exceptional fly-fishing.
To phone hotels in Russia, dial 011 (international access) + 7 (Russia code) + city code and local numbers in listings.
Moscow, Tel. 495-728-5000. Consulates: Yekaterinburg, Tel. 343-379-3001; Vladivostok, Tel. 423-230-0070.
Ruble (RUB). Fluctuating rate valued at RUB68.03 = US$1.00 as of September 2018.
Subfreezing temperatures are normal in Moscow from mid-October until mid-April; summers can be surprisingly warm and sunny.
Moscow is seven hours ahead of New York (EST).